People often confuse blood pressure with heart rate but although these two are connected, blood pressure refers to the force of the blood flowing through our blood vessels. At times, a person suffering from low blood pressure may have an extremely fast heart rate.
The circulation of blood in our body plays a vital role in distributing all the essential nutrients and oxygen to organs and tissues. When this intricate mechanism malfunctions, many health conditions occur and they interrupt our daily lives. Not only can numerous health issues emerge but they can also lead to a fatal outcome so blood pressure is something not to be neglected.
How is blood pressure measured?
Each time the heart pumps the blood into the arteries, the pressure is at its peak and it’s called systolic blood pressure. The period of rest between the two pumps is called diastolic pressure.
An average, healthy person should have the systolic pressure at 120 and diastolic at 80.
Hypertension occurs when systolic blood pressure goes over 140 and diastolic over 90.
Although it hasn’t been determined, genetics could be one of the risk factors. Still, in 90 percent of the cases, unhealthy habits take its toll on the hearth. That means that alcohol, tobacco, saturated fats, and sugar are still the main risk factor for this health condition.
Hypertension may go unnoticed for several years. Hence, doctors usually call it “the silent killer”. Without proper treatment, it may lead to heart attack, stroke, blindness, or kidney failure.
A headache, buzzing in the ears, nose bleeding, chest pressure or fatigue are some of the early symptoms.
Possible health conditions caused by high blood pressure
Atherosclerosis – when blood vessels thicken, they obstruct the blood flow. Vital organs such as the lung, kidneys, liver, and brain have insufficient blood supplies and can reach failure.
Aneurysm – constantly high blood pressure may lead to an enlargement of arteries and knots. Those knots are called aneurysms and they are at a constant risk of bursting which may lead to internal bleeding. The aneurysm can occur on every artery throughout our body.
Stroke – arteries which supply the brain with blood and nutrients grow thick thus leading to a possible hemorrhage. Not only can this condition lead to stroke but dementia and memory loss are also probable.
Vision disorder – high blood pressure may lead to the impairment of the network of fine arteries which supply the eyes with oxygen.
Low blood pressure
Hypotension is the condition which is characterized by low systolic and diastolic pressure (100/60). It is usually followed by fatigue, sleep disorder, nausea, dizziness, and anxiety. It is best cured by physical activity, moderately increased intake of salt, and caffeine.
Blood pressure is easily treated once recognized in its early stages. As with many other conditions, prevention is always the best way to keep it at bay.